Frequently Asked Questions

What is Osteopathy?

Osteopathy is a science, a science that uses all sciences. The central science is functional anatomy, the study of the human body and how it moves. Osteopathy is based on the principles of scientific study and the application of all knowledge in health care, in particular the study of the inter-relationship and inter-dependence of structure (anatomy) and function (motion). The one causes the other; they do not exist without each other.

What is Physiatry (PM&R)?

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PMR) also referred to as Physiatry (PM) or Rehabilitation Medicine (RM) is the medical specialty concerned with diagnosing, evaluating, and treating persons with physical disabilities. These disabilities may arise from conditions affecting any of the bodily systems.

For example, the musculoskeletal system is frequently affected with neck, back, or limb pain resulting from occupational & sports injuries, or painful conditions secondary to various hereditary & acquired diseases. Alternatively, the disabilities may result from neurological trauma or disease such as spinal cord injury, head injury, stroke, or carpal tunnel syndrome. A physician certified in physical medicine and rehabilitation is often called a Physiatrist.

The primary goal of the Physiatrist is to achieve maximal restoration of physical, psychosocial, and vocational function through comprehensive multi-disciplinary rehabilitation. Pain management is often an important part of the role of the Physiatrist. For diagnosis and evaluation, a Physiatrist may include the techniques of electrodiagnosis (EMG/NCS), in addition to all available advanced imaging technology, to supplement a thorough history and physical.

As Osteopathic (DO) Physiatrists, we often extensively include various hands-on manual medicine techniques, which have evolved over the centuries into a high art form, as well as taking into account any nutritional considerations. Thus the care provided under the direction of a DO Physiatrist is rendered with a holistic philosophy, incorporating the best of all that traditional and complementary (alternative) medicine have to offer.

What is Pain Management?

The specialty of Pain Medicine is concerned with the prevention, evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of painful disorders. Such disorders may have pain and associated symptoms arising from a discrete cause, such as postoperative pain or pain associated with a malignancy, or may be syndromes in which pain constitutes the primary problem, such as neuropathic pains or headaches. The diagnosis of painful syndromes relies on interpretation of historical data; review of previous laboratory, imaging, and electrodiagnostic studies; behavioral, social, occupational and avocational assessment; interview and examination by the pain specialist; and may require specialized diagnostic procedures, including central and peripheral neural blockade or monitored drug infusions. The special needs of the pediatric and geriatric populations are considered when formulating a comprehensive treatment plan for these patients..

The pain physician serves as a consultant to other physicians but is often the principal treating physician and may provide care at various levels, such as direct treatment, prescribing medication, prescribing rehabilitative services, performing pain relieving procedures, counseling of patients and families, direction of a multidisciplinary team, coordination of care with other healthcare providers and consultative services to public and private agencies pursuant to optimal healthcare delivery to the patient suffering from a painful disorder. The pain physician may work in a variety of settings and is competent to treat the entire range of painful disorders encountered in delivery of quality health care.

What is Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine (NMM/OMM)?

NMM/OMM is the medical specialty which is concerned the integration of osteopathic principles, practice and manipulative treatment in patient care. The focus of this specialty is on the neuromusculoskeletal systems and their relationships with every other system in the body, including, but not limited to, cardiac, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, endocrine, reproductive, genitourinary, dermatologic, vascular, lymphatic, psychologic, ophthalmologic, ENT, and rheumatologic systems.